Members of the Armed Forces and citizens living in foreign countries traditionally have been unable to ballots in person. The Uniformed and Overseas Citizen Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) was created to allow voting by mail. The act is Public Law 99-410 and was signed into law by President Ronald Reagan on August 28, 1986. According to a 2010 survey, approximately 35% of ballots sent to UOCAVA voters were returned. Of those, approximately 7% were not counted. Development of an internet voting system, such as televoting, that cannot be hacked undetectably seeks to solve the issue of the disenfranchisement of deployed military and overseas voters.
To address the issue of long lines and wait times, Balloting is a concept aimed at speeding up the voting process. Balloting allows a voter to fill out a ballot via phone or online system prior to Election Day or casting a ballot. The Balloting process gives the voter an opportunity to (1) read, (2) understand, (3) fill out, (4) review, and (5) print the completed ballot in the form of a QR code at his/her convenience and prior to going to the polls. On Election Day, the voting machine is used to scan the voter’s QR code, which brings up the voter’s prior completed ballot for review and modification before officially submitting it. When the voter submits the ballot, it will print on the voting machine where the voter can verify the ballot. Since a voter would already be familiar with the ballot and have fully or partially completed the ballot, the hypothesis was that Balloting would reduce the voting time and errors in the voting process compared to other methods of voting.
is a video voter identification system. The voter is recorded reciting his/her full name and address. The video can be accessed to determine the validity of the identification of the voter. This system seeks to eliminate 100% of voter fraud.